Amidst worsening wildfire conditions, change is eminent and innovation must pave the way for a sustainable future. AF31-P prevents fire from iginition, making it the only truly environmentally friendly preventative wildfire solution. AF31-W is non-toxic and does not contain urea, ammonia, gels, gums, or any known carcinogens.
WILDFIRE AND CARBON EMISSIONS
The Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service of the EU found that burning forests released a record high 1.3 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide last month (August 2021) with a significant contribution from North America and nearly 85% of these wildland fires are caused by humans.
CAN PREVENTING WILDFIRES REDUCE CARBON EMISSIONS?
The increasingly prevalent wildfire crisis has consumed vast amounts of the wildland urban interface and the invisible effects are even more unthinkable. In particular, carbon emissions that result from wildfires have reached astonishing levels. While wildfires are natural, the increasing levels in recent years are anything but normal. As wildfires increase, they release more carbon, which pushes temperatures even higher - creating a vicious cycle. Here’s exactly how they’re impacting our environment and what we can do about it.
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WILDFIRE CARBON EMISSIONS CAUSE AND EFFECT
85% Caused by Humans
Nearly 85 percent of wildland fires in the United States are caused by humans. Human-caused fires result from campfires left unattended, the burning of debris, equipment use and malfunctions, negligently discarded cigarettes, and intentional acts of arson.
1.76 Tons of Carbon
In total, experts estimate that wildfires emitted 1.76 billion tons of carbon in 2021 globally.
Prolonged exposure to wildfire increases the risk of more serious disorders such as bronchitis, reduced lung function, heart failure, and even premature death.
Carbon emissions during the 2020 fire season were nearly 10x the 20 year average.
Wildfire, Climate Change, and Carbon Emissions
The Real Dilemma
As global temperatures continue to rise, our conditions come dryer, drought is more common, and winds patterns change - the perfect combination for wildfires. Although wildfires are considered a “natural” source of carbon emissions, we’re now experiencing longer wildfire seasons, with more severe fires. This results in carbon emissions far beyond what is normal.
In fact, a report made by the California Air Resources Board (CARB) in December 2020 estimated that CO2 emissions for the 2020 California fire season sat around 115 million metric tons. In comparison, the average emissions for the previous 19 years were around 14 million metric tons of CO2. This staggering jump in emissions from 2020 wildfires almost tripled the CO2 of previous high-emitter years. The wildfires also produced more climate pollution than California’s power or industrial sectors create in an entire year.
California isn’t the only place experiencing such devastating wildfire seasons. Thanks to climate change, wildfires are more prevalent and releasing record amounts of carbon emissions around the world. In 2021, the U.S., Turkey, and northeastern Siberia experienced the highest wildfire emissions ever recorded since datasets began in 2003, according to the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service. Algeria, Albania, Spain, Italy, Greece, Tunisia, and North Macedonia also experienced devastating wildfires throughout the year.
Wildfires emitted about 83 million tons of carbon from Canada, California, and the U.S. Pacific Northwest in 2021 alone. In total, experts estimate that wildfires emitted 1.76 billion tons of carbon in 2021 globally. What’s more, this issue has been building for years. We saw record fires in British Columbia in 2017, which were estimated around 150 million tons of CO2. That’s two to three times of fossil fuel emissions from all other sectors in British Columbia.
Ultimately, wildfires continue to have a growing impact on carbon emissions. While the world focuses on limiting CO2 emissions from transportation and industry, we must also consider how to stop wildfires in order to mitigate and eventually correct global warming.
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Additional Devastating impacts of Wildfires
Human Impact and Essential Ecosystems
Carbon emissions aren’t the only shocking symptom of wildfires. There’s also the human impact - wildfires increase air pollution and smoke, which affects regional air quality. People in the surrounding areas may experience minimal side effects, like eye and respiratory tract irritation. However, they can also get more serious disorders, like bronchitis, reduced lung function, heart failure due to exacerbation of asthma, and even premature death. It’s especially dangerous for children, the elderly, and pregnant women.
Wildfires can also impact our daily lives by disrupting communications and transportation, as well as water, power, and gas services. They cause a loss of property, resources, and crops. While some animals, like woodpeckers and beetles, can flourish as the result of wildfire, the same isn’t true for all animals. Some animals perish in fires, and many depend on forests with old-growth. When their habitat is ruined by a wildfire, they may spend decades trying to find a new home with suitable food and shelter.
Lastly, wildfires can also negatively affect plant life. Again, some plants may be well-adapted to fires and can benefit from them, but many do not. This is especially true as we now experience increased fire size and frequency. Large patches of wildfire can deter ecosystem recovery, limiting native biodiversity. There can be long-term and even permanent loss of native vegetation, while invasive and non-native species take over. These changes can alter the entire ecosystem.
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How Can We Prevent Wildfires?
What Can We Do?
Wildfires are more common and more severe due to global warming. In order to return to a normal level of wildfires, we must deal with climate change, which is no small feat. Efforts have been underway for years - renewable energy from wind and solar power, biofuels, and improvements to vehicles and public transportation are just a few examples. We’re also working on carbon capture and carbon sinks, via both reforestation and carbon capture technology.
Aside from this, you can also prevent human-caused wildfires by doing the following:
● Keep your vehicle off of dry grass.
● Maintain your vehicle and equipment to avoid sparks.
● Consider weather conditions and regulations before you use fireworks.
● Avoid activities that involve sparks or fire during dry, windy, hot weather.
● Build campfires in open locations, far away from flammables.
● Douse campfires until cold.
Humans are responsible for nearly 85% of wildfires in the United States. Self awareness has an important role in proactively addressing wildfire from an individual perspective. However, it is necessary to utilize other preventative measures that exceed the negligible (and intentional) human activity that results in wildfire.
The Ultimate Solution: AF31
Correcting global warming is a long-term solution. While it’s key to solving the overarching issue, we’re still stuck in a vicious cycle - CO2 emissions increase our temperatures, which dry out the land, which encourages fires, which then release more CO2.
M-Fire Technologies AF31 is a proprietary solution, formulated specifically to combat wildfire. It’s non-toxic, has no environmental impact, and does not contain urea, ammonia, gels, gums, or any known carcinogens. In fact, it’s completely water-based and made from food-based materials. The aquatic testing via Pollutech EnviroQuatics Limited for AF31 verify that it is safe for groundwater and non-toxic for fish and other aquatic organisms.
AF31 has also been tested for and contains no ozone-depleting substances (ODS) or volatile organic compounds (VOCs). In addition, this solution is Greenguard Gold Certified, ensuring the highest standard of health and safety for both humans and the environment.
With over 20 years of use, AF31 is a trusted, revolutionary firefighting technology. It’s used around the world, including in Asia and Europe. AF31 can both extinguish existing fires and prevent future fires, making it an excellent solution for our current wildfire crisis. The carbon emissions we face from wildfires will require further action against climate change - but we can solve the issue right now with AF31.