LITHIUM-ION BATTERY DEPENDANCE
Lithium-ion batteries are increasingly being relied upon in several industries including: electric vehicles (EV), E-bikes, Telecommunication, PV Generation, Wind Generators, Power Tools, UPS and Backup Systems, Street-lighting Systems, etc.
ELECTRIC VEHICLES (EV)
In 2020, 4.7% of global auto sales were electric vehicles. The global estimate is expected to increase to 15% by 2025 and nearly 50% by 2035. California is forecasted to be much higher after the California Air Resources Board (CARB) approved a rule requiring 100 percent of new car sales to be zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) by 2035.
$10 billion will be invested to accelerate the transition to ZEVs, which will ultimately make it easier and cheaper for all Californians to purchase Electric Vehicles (EV).
FEDERAL INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT AND JOBS ACT
CONSEQUENT PROBLEM WITH LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES: NEW FIRE CLASS (EV FIRE)
LITHIUM BATTERY TECHNOLOGY
The Federal Infrastructure and Jobs Act of 2021 has allocated a signinficant amount of money towards the enhancement and development of infrastructure in Electric Battery Storage and Electric Vehicles (EVs).
• $6B in battery storage
• $7.5B in rapid charging stations - 500,000 along highways and in communities • $1B in school busses
AF31-EV is the only completely organic product that can extinguish these challenging fires and prevent re-ignition.
removeThe Real Problem
COMMON CAUSES OF ELECTRIC VEHICLE FIRES
Physical damage to the battery.
Defective or weakened batteries and battery overheating from overcharging.
Weather and Flooding
Submerged batteries result in short circuit fires. Corroded batteries are also increasingly vulneranble.
The Challenge of Extinguishing Lithium-Ion Fires
Difficulty Reaching Batteries
The design of Electric Vehicles make it difficult for firefighters to reach the source of the fire. The batteries themselves are most commonly located on the bottom of the vehicle.
Thermal Run Away
This is an unstable chemical process that releases gases and form toxic vapor clouds.
Reignition of Batteries
There is a significant risk of lithium-ion batteries reigniting potentially hours after presumed extinguished.
Explosions of EVs on the Road
It is difficult for firefighters to extinguish lithium-ion battery fires at the scene of the accident.
Current Strategy (Lithium-Ion Fires)
Firefighters use copious amounts of water to cool the burning lithium-ion batteries. In some parts of the world, fire agencies will completely submerge electric vehicles in large containers of water in order to extinguish lithium-ion fires and prevent re-ignition.
The Solution: AF31-EV
We are on the precipice of addressing a new fire class - Electric Vehicle Fires. Not only are these fires difficult to extinguish, EV fires are highly likely to reignite. Thermal run away is a problem that will only get worse as the Lithium-Ion battery industry expands its global footprint.
We have learned that firefighters are required to extinguish EV fires, post thermal run away in electric vehicles. The primary requirements for extinguishing these fires are using fast and effective solutions that result in rapid extinguishment. The batteries also need to be overwhelmed in order to keep the temperature under ignition point.
The current strategy for firefighters is to apply copious amounts of water to the battery pack and basically keep doing so until the temperature drops below ignition. This strategy is missing a key element that will allow for quicker extinguishment and assurance of no reignition.
AF31-EV is a water based solution that is capable of extinguishing lithium-ion battery fires and preventing re-ignition. AF31-EV has been tested for and contains no ozone-depleting substances (ODS) or volatile organic compounds (VOCs). In addition, this solution is Greenguard Gold Certified, ensuring the highest standard of health and safety for both humans and the environment.
With over 20 years of use, AF31 is a trusted, revolutionary firefighting technology. It’s used around the world, including in Asia and Europe. AF31 can both extinguish existing fires and prevent future fires, making it the ultimate solution for electric vehicle fires as well as other fires resulting from lithium-ion batteries .